Facts and statistics

This page provides information about:

  • the number of people who have become Australian citizens and where recent new citizens have come from
  • the number of applicants who have sat the citizenship test and the pass rates
  • the number of citizenship applications received and processed by the department.

Australian citizenship statistics

More than 4.5 million people have become citizens since Australian citizenship was introduced in 1949.

Some 85 per cent of the population are Australian citizens.

Former nationality or citizenship

In 1949, during the inaugural year of the Nationality and Citizenship Act 1948, Australian citizenship was granted to 2 493 people from just over 35 different nationalities. The top 5 nationalities (and number of grants) at that time according to the Australian Yearbook 1953, ABS were:

  • Italian (708)
  • Polish (597)
  • Greek (276)
  • German (225)
  • Yugoslav (80)

In 2012-13, 123 438 people became Australian citizens by conferral from at least 190 different countries.

The following table shows the number of people who were conferred as Australian citizens at ceremonies in 2012-13, according to their former nationality/citizenship.

Former nationality Persons Per cent
United Kingdom 20 478 16.6
India 19 217 15.6
Philippines 9 090 7.4
China 8 979 7.3
South Africa 7 900 6.4
New Zealand 3 794 3.1
Sri Lanka 2 746 2.2
Iraq 2 739 2.2
Vietnam 2 568 2.1
Pakistan 2 100 1.7
Other 43 827 35.5
Total 123 438 100.0

Australian citizenship test statistics

The Australian Citizenship Test Snapshot Report is an annual publication that provides data on citizenship tests. Reports include the number of applicants who have sat the citizenship test, pass rates and country of birth analysis.
See:
Australian Citizenship Test Snapshot Report 30 June 2013 (412KB PDF file)
Australian Citizenship Test Snapshot Report 30 June 2012 (530KB PDF file)
Australian Citizenship Test Snapshot Report 30 June 2011 (468KB PDF file)

Citizenship program quarterly reports

Citizenship quarterly reports provide operational statistics on the citizenship program. Reports include the number of conferral, descent, evidence and resumption applications received and finalised by the department, as well as the number of people who became Australian citizens.
See:
Citizenship Program Quarterly Report ending 31 December 2013 (323KB PDF file)
Citizenship Programme Quarterly Report ending 30 September 2013 (379KB PDF file)
Citizenship Programme Quarterly Report ending 30 June 2013 (356KB PDF file)
Citizenship Program Quarterly Report ending 31 March 2013 (361KB PDF file)

Last reviewed Wednesday 16 April 2014

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