The following steps are a guide to the application process for Australian citizenship by descent.
Click on Step 1 below to begin.
Step 1. Determine that you are eligible
You may be eligible to apply to become an Australian citizen by descent if:
- you were born outside Australia
- one of your parents was an Australian citizen at the time of your birth.
If your Australian citizen parent was a citizen by descent then that parent must have spent at least two years in Australia.
If you were born outside Australia or New Guinea before 26 January 1949 you may be eligible if:
- at least one or your parents became an Australian citizen on 26 January 1949
- that parent was born in Australia or New Guinea, or was naturalised in Australia before your birth.
Applications for children under 16 years of age must be made by a responsible parent.
Children born through surrogacy arrangements
If the application is for a child born from a surrogacy arrangement Fact Sheet 36a International Surrogacy Arrangements provides information.
Step 2. Gather your original documents
You must submit certain documents with your application. Providing all of the required documents will enable us to process your application promptly.
Your application may be returned to you if the required documents are not provided with your application.
Use this checklist as a guide to the original documents usually required. If you are 18 years of age and over, you must also complete Form 80 - Personal particulars for assessment including character assessment (624KB PDF).
Step 3. Copy and certify your documents
When you have gathered all of your original documents, you need to have them copied and certified.
Copies of your original documents must be certified by an Australian citizen who is not related to you by birth, marriage or de facto relationship and is currently working in a position from the designated list of occupations.
Applicants outside Australia
If you are applying from outside Australia and do not know an Australian citizen, your original documents can be certified by a citizen of your country of residence who is not related to you by birth, marriage or de facto relationship and who is currently working in a position from the designated list of occupations.
Step 4. Complete and lodge your application
When your documents are copied and certified you will need to complete Form 118 - Application for Australian citizenship by descent (237KB PDF). Information on how to complete the form is available.
Lodge your application together with your certified documents, endorsed photograph, the application fee and if you 18 years of age and over, a completed Form 80 - Personal particulars for assessment including character assessment (517KB PDF).
If you are in Australia send your application to our office in Tasmania.
If you are outside Australia, send your application to your nearest Immigration office outside Australia.
The Client Service Charter provides details on the service standard for processing an application for Australian citizenship by descent. If you do not receive notification within the time given in the charter you can contact the Citizenship Information Line on 131 880, for applications lodged in Australia. For applications lodged outside Australia, you can contact your nearest Immigration office outside Australia.
Australian citizenship commences on the date the application is approved. You do not need to attend a citizenship ceremony.